Saturday, April 20, 2019

Business Article from NY times, Economist, Bloomberg

Business from NY times, Economist, Bloomberg - Article ExampleThe poor public presentation of the stock market has reduced the returns of investors on their savings and the declining interest rates mean that a bouffant pension pot would be required to generate a certain retirement income. The cost of providing pensions to employees has increase thence the shift to defined contribution plans. fit to the article, most employees have a problem with deferred gratifications and solitary(prenominal) few have the self-control to delay their pensions. Employees have to wait for long period up to 40 years for the pension to pay-off, but the pension pot may not be worth their contributions (Buttonwood 73).According to the author, British Institute and Faculty of Actuaries has examined whether there are possibilities of offering guaranteed pensions in the Defined Contributions market. The article offers a simple method of offering (virtually) guaranteed pension if investors buy the index-l inked government bonds since savings are protected against all inflation and government cannot default (Buttonwood 73). However, the returns are low, and thus why most government pension and collective funds have invested heavily in equities hoping excess returns in equity market will yield them make lower contributions. Accordingly, one can hedge against the equity risk by buying derivatives such(prenominal) as a put option that guarantees the derivative holder the option of selling the shares at a set price but over the long term put options will be more(prenominal) expensive that short-term contracts (Buttonwood 73).Other approached of offering the guaranteed pensions in DC market include using Byzantine hedging strategies that rebalance the portfolio to eliminate any substantial losses. This involves using the high returns of equities in a low-risk manner thus reducing the costs of purchasing a guarantee (Buttonwood 73).However, the actuaries have failed in calculating the costs of guarantee, and justification against inflation. From this perspective, pensions are long term

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